Posts

Everything you need to know about Iranian Damask rose 2020

iranian damask rose

Iranian Damask rose, known in Iran as Mohammadi flower. Mohammadi rose is a perennial plant of the genus Rosa and the Rosaceae family. it has beautiful flowers in a variety of colors, mostly red and pink. Iranians make rosewater from these fresh petals. Most species are native to Asia, and some species are native to Europe, North America, and Northwest Africa.

Damask rose with the scientific name of Rosa damascena is a deciduous shrub. iranians cultivate this flower for a long time. its consumable parts are the petals and the buds. This flower is a type of rose. In Isfahan and Kashan, natives take rosewater from them and some of them are distilled. also one can dehydrate these flowers and store them in bulk in order to export as wholesale.

 

Appearance characteristics of Mohammadi flower

Damask rose has 7 leaves and rarely 9 toothed petals and its petals are light pink or white. The flowers are bright pink with 32 identical pink petals that begin to appear in the early morning. There are 5 sepals, at least three of which have large appendages at the edges.

mohammadi flower appearance, bush, pink rose

Flowering time in Iran is from early May to early July. And in each area, the flowers take 20-30 days to open. The flowers last for a maximum of one day, after which the bright pink color of the petals turns white, and with a slight breeze, the petals fill and fall off.

 

Damask rose is grown in which regions of Iran?

Areas of Mohammadi cultivation are mostly mountainous areas. appropriate climate for damask rose is arid and semi-arid climate with mild and dry summers and cold winters.

harvesting iranian mohammadi flower

Currently, iranians cultivate Mohammadi flowers in 14 provinces of Iran. the most important of provinces are Kerman, Fars (Meymand), Isfahan (Kashan), And East Azerbaijan. natives widely produce Damask roses in these provinces. so in addition to preparing essential oils and roses, they also mainly sell or export them in the form of dried petals and buds. In other provinces, cultivation is more scattered.

 

How to obtain Mohammadi Rose essential oil and rose in Iran

Simultaneously with spring and the months of May and June, Mohammadi flowers perfume the surrounding environment with a pleasant aroma. At this time, various traditional and industrial rosewater-making workshops in different places, with distillation equipment, pick the flowers every morning, before the bud is fully open, and distill them in different pots with water vapor.

distilling cauldron of mohammadi flower

after dehydration, operators separate The resulting essential oil, which accumulates in the upper part of the fabric. they keep it away from light in closed jars. they supply essential oil in containers covered with felt. they use the remaining water from the distillation process as Rose Water for various uses.  they obtain About 3 kg of essential oil  from every 3000 kg.

 

Rose essential oil, one of the most valuable products of Iranian Damask roses

Rose essential oil is one of the most famous perfumes that is widely used in perfumery and other cosmetic products (tooth powder and various ointments) as a fragrance. Most of the essential oil of damask rose is used as a heart strengthener and syrup. Damask rose Produced in the Balkans, France, Turkey, Morocco, Spain and Iran.

 

Rosewater making industry in Iran

Ancient Iran has been famous for its rosewater-making industry for a long time, and this country was considered the main center of roses and aromatic plants. in old times, Most rosewater production workshops have been in Meymand and Firoozabad, Fars province.

 

What should those who do not have access to fresh Mohammadi flowers do?

Fresh Damask roses are mostly used to produce rose water and essential oil, but for more storage and in order to export them, the petals and buds of Mohammadi flower are dried to have both more durability and significantly reduce their weight. Dried rose petals and buds are sold in bulk and people in countries that do not have access to fresh flowers can use them to make following products:

Also non-Iranians can procure Iranian rosewater and add it as a fragrance to foods, syrups, tea, drinking water, etc.